Mobile application development encompasses various steps that are involved in the process irrespective of the platform for which the application is being created. Successful launch of an Android application depends on how keenly developers understand various stages of software project management. Deep analysis of application development process reveals that numerous steps together form the development course. However, broader classification bundles a number of small stages into phases, completion of which marks significant progress in the development life cycle. Thus, there are 5 crucial stages of Android app development that every developer needs to be well aware of.
Requirement Specification: Typically, clients provide specifications for the Android application that they want to be created. Points of reference are often provided too. However, the task of requirement specification begins for developers after the brief from the client has been received. It is the responsibility of developers to study both specifications and the reference keenly to form blue print of the required product. This stage may require repeated communication between developers and clients as the former have to understand latter’s need and the latter need to understand the pros & cons described by the former.
Development Model Specification: Once clear idea of the project is obtained, developers have to decide which development model they will follow to finally deliver the product. There are various software development life cycle models such as Waterfall model, Incremental model and Spiral model, and different models are suitable in different scenarios. The choice of development model mainly depends on clients’ requirement-specification, time, utility of the application and the type of application. Spiral model can suitable for evolutionary applications while incremental model fits the bill for the applications that should be live soon and can be completed with periodic installment.
Role Assignment & Prioritization: Though it is a kind of managerial responsibility, it is a crucial stage in small as well as big mobile application development projects. Interface designing, database creation, server-side settings, documentation, etc. are different tasks that should be assigned to different members of a development team. Unless the required Android application is so basic that a lone developer can manage all tasks, role assignment and prioritization of task should be seriously considered. Else, the development life cycle may get chaotic as progress by one personnel may depend on progress by another.
Development: The main event of Android app development life cycle is coding and programming phase. Validation and verification of the developmental progress has to be ensured by team leaders or project managers. This ensures that applications pass the testing stage and is delivered exactly as demanded by clients or are close to precision.
Testing & Delivery: When clients hire Android developer, they expect that the product will be delivered such that it can be used immediately. Testing is very important to confirm that the efficiency of features and functions of applications are satisfactory and that the product can be delivered to clients. It is important to keep a copy of documentation that has to be given to clients.